Person Sheet

Name Frances Walsingham, F
Death Date 1631
Father Sir Francis Walsingham , M
Mother Ursula Saint Barbe , F
Misc. Notes
Frances Walsingham was the daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham and Ursula St. Barbe. She married, firstly, Sir Philip Sidney, son of Sir Henry Sidney and Lady Mary Dudley, circa March 1583. She married, secondly, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, son of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex and Lettice Knollys, between 1583 and 1601. She married, thirdly, Sir Richard Bourke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde, son of Ulick Bourke, 3rd Earl of Clanricarde and Honora Burke, before 8 April 1603. She died circa February 1631/32. She was buried on 17 February 1631/32 at Tonbridge, Kent, England.
From circa March 1583, her married name became Sidney. From between 1583 and 1601, her married name became Devereux. From before 8 April 1603, her married name became Bourke. As a result of her marriage, Frances Walsingham was styled as Countess of Clanricarde.
1 Robert Devereux, M
Birth Date 19 Nov 1566
Birth Place Netherwood, Herefords, England
Death Date 25 Feb 1601 Age: 34
Death Place Tower Hill, London, England
Father Walter Devereux , M (~1553-1576)
Mother Lettice Knollys , F (~1539-1634)
Misc. Notes
Robert Devereux,
Earl of Essex
Born: 19th November 1566 at Netherwood, Herefords
Earl of Essex
Died: 25th February 1601 at Tower Hill, London

Robert Devereux, the last of Queen Elizabeth I's favourites, was the son of Walter Devereux, first Earl of Essex, and Lettice Knollys. On his father's death, in 1576, Lord Burghley became his guardian and his mother married the famous Earl of Leicester. He entered at Trinity, Cambridge, when only twelve years of age, but does not appear to have been regular in his residence, though he became a fair scholar.

He was early presented at Court, where the Queen did her best to 'spoil' him; and from his twentieth and her own fifty-fourth year she indulged in many flirtations with him, but also in many quarrels, in the course of which his hot temper and jealousy always allowed her to get the better. But the Queen's affection for him was genuine and, at bottom, more of a maternal than of an amatory character. She was always in anxiety when he went to the wars, which he often did (sometimes against her express command) and in which he always behaved himself with conspicuous daring. Thus, he was knighted on the field of battle at Zutphen, where Sidney fell. He 'ran away' and joined the 'Counter Armada' of 1589, and he was always crying out for open war with Spain and for an efficient army. But he was also perpetually quarrelling with his rivals at Court or in camp; now with Raleigh, now with Blount, now with the Cecils; and his idea of a quarrel was, if possible, to fight a duel to the death.

In 1590, he incurred for a time, the Queen's severest displeasure by marrying Sir Philip Sidney's widow, the daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham. Next year, we find him commanding, with more valour than discretion, a small English force sent to France to succour Henry IV against the Catholic League. Whenever he was abroad, he was always complaining, and with reason, of the way in which his rivals, especially Robert Cecil, were undermining his influence at home.

One of the most curious episodes in his life is the friendship he formed with the two Bacons, Francis and Anthony. It seems probable that the former, believing Essex to be the 'coming man,’ deliberately attached himself to the Earl's fortunes and gave him good advice, which Essex was too impetuous to take. Essex was perpetually soliciting the Queen, but in vain, for preferment for his new friend. In 1596, came the expedition to Spain, in which Essex commanded the land forces which stormed Cadiz, while, against his advice, the sailors let the Spanish treasure-fleet escape; but in his next expedition, known as the 'Islands' voyage' to the Azores, Essex was not so successful.

Finally, all Essex's enemies were rejoiced when he teased his fond mistress into giving him command of the great expedition to Ireland in 1599. Ireland was the grave of his brilliant father's reputation and of that of many more. The Earl's preparations were extensive and well planned but he had to face the worst rebellion yet known in the island with the certainty that Spanish help was not far off. Once in Ireland, he seems to have lost his head. Instead of driving straight at Ulster and at the Earl of Tyrone, the leading rebel, he made a senseless progress through Munster; and, when at last he turned northwards, he allowed himself to be entrapped into a parley by the wily Irishman, the result of which was that he concluded a wholly unauthorized truce and undertook to present Tyrone's demands to the English government. The Queen was absolutely furious and her favourite made matters worse by deserting his army and hurrying to England.

He was not immediately imprisoned, but kept in seclusion for nine months. In June 1600, he was brought to trial before a special court and it is characteristic of Francis Bacon that he, who had advised the Earl to apply for the Irish command and hoped to make his own fortune by him, appeared against him in his trial. No actual sentence beyond dismissal from his offices and imprisonment in his own house was recorded against Essex and he was set at liberty in August. However, he had lost the favour of the Queen for good, and this disgrace was one under which his restless nature could not be quiet. He knew well that Cecil and other courtiers were his sworn enemies and he now entertained the absurd idea of an appeal to force.

Essex intrigued with King James VI of Scotland to induce him to support a rising, along with his friend, Lord Mountjoy, who had succeeded to his command in Ireland, whom he implored to land troops in Wales. His only real accomplice, however, was Shakespeare's patron, the Earl of Southampton. The rash Essex was a bad head for any insurrection and the London mob, with whom he was really popular, was not so foolish as to rise against Queen Elizabeth. There was, however, actually something like a small riot when Essex and Southampton were seized and sent to the Tower. The former was beheaded on 25th February 1601 and there is good reason for believing that the Queen broke her aged heart when she signed his death-warrant.

Vain and rash beyond anyone of his age, lacking any real measure of statesmanship, Robert Devereux had been lifted by the accidents of his birth into a position for which he was wholly unfitted. Yet he possessed, in a marked degree, qualities which endeared him even to those with whom he quarrelled: most utter frankness, warm affection and generosity and, in war, the courage of a Paladin of romance.
Children Frances , F (1599-1679)
2 Sir Richard Bourke 4th Earl of Clanricarde14, M
Birth Date 1572
Death Date 12 Nov 1635 Age: 63
Father Ulick Bourke 3rd Earl of Clanricarde , M (-1601)
Mother Honora Burke , F (1535-)
Misc. Notes
Sir Richard Bourke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde was born circa 1572. He was the son of Ulick Bourke, 3rd Earl of Clanricarde and Honora Burke. He married Frances Walsingham, daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham and Ursula St. Barbe, before 8 April 1603. He died on 12 November 1635. He was buried at Tonbridge, Kent, England. His will was probated on 15 December 1635.
Sir Richard Bourke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde was also known as Richard de Burgh. He matriculated at Christ Church College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, on 18 December 1584. He graduated from Christ Church College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, on 10 July 1598 with a Master of Arts (M.A.). He held the office of Governor of Connaught. He held the office of Constable of Athlone Castle in 1601. He held the office of Keeper of the King's House in 1601. He succeeded to the title of 4th Earl of Clanricarde on 20 May 1601. He succeeded to the title of 4th Baron of Dunkellin on 20 May 1601. He was invested as a Knight on 24 December 1601. He fought in the Battle of Kingsale on 24 December 1601, where he distinguished himself against the rebels. He gained the rank of Colonel in the service of the regiment of Foot. He held the office of Lord President of Connaught between 1604 and 1616. He was admitted to Gray's Inn on 6 March 1609/10. He held the office of Governor of Galway in 1616. He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of County Galway. He was created 1st Viscount Tunbridge, Kent on 3 April 1624. He was created 1st Baron of Somerhill on 3 April 1624. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1625. He was created 1st Viscount Galway, in the Province of Connaught on 23 August 1628, with a special remainder to his father. He was created 1st Baron of Imanney, in the Province of Connaught on 23 August 1628, with a special remainder to his father. He was created 1st Earl of St. Albans, co. Hertford on 23 August 1628.
Children of Sir Richard Bourke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde and Frances Walsingham
Honora de Burgh+ d. 10 Mar 1661
Mary Bourke+
Ulrick Bourke, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde+ b. b 8 Dec 1604, d. 29 Apr 1658
Marr Date bef 8 Apr 1603
Children Mary , F
  Ulrick , M (<1604-1658)
Last Modified 2 Mar 2009 Created 3 Jun 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh

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