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Cummins


Person Sheet


Name Sir Gilbert(the Red Earl) de Clare69,68,92, M
Birth Date 2 Sep 1243
Birth Place Christchurch, Hants
Death Date 7 Dec 1295 Age: 52
Death Place Monmouth Castle
Father 5th Earl Richard de Clare , M (1222-1262)
Mother Maud de Lacy , F (~1223-~1288)
Misc. Notes
Sir Gilbert was also Earl of Hereford and Gloucester. Gilbert "the Red Earl" de CLAREwas born 2 Sep 1243. He died 7 Dec 1295 in Monmouth Castle , Monmouthshire, England and was buried 22 Dec 1295 in Abbey, Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, Eng land. Gilbert married Joan de Acre PLANTAGENET on 30 Apr 1290 in Westminster Abbey, London, England.Gilbert 1262. from "Magna Charta" Part 1-2, by John S. WurtzFHL British 942 D2wj pt. 1-2 A Knight, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford. Cearleon. The Complete Peerage vol. V,pp702-8 GILBERT de CLARE, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, "the Red Earl," born 2 September 1243, at Christchurch, Hants. Being under age at his father s death, he was a ward of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford. In April 1264 he led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury, as Simon de Montfort had done in London. His castles of Kingston and Tonbridge were taken by the King, who, however, allowed his Countess, who was in the latter, to go free because she was his niece; and on 12 May he and Montfort were denounced as traitors. Two days later, just before the battle of Lewes, on 14 May, Montfort knighted the Earl and his brother Thomas. The Earl commanded the second line of the battle 68 and took the King prisoner, having hamstrung his horse. As Prince Edward had also been captured, Montfort and the Earl were now supreme. On 20 October following, however, the Earl and his associates were excommunicated by the Papal Legate and his lands placed under an interdict. In the following month, by which time they had obtained possession of Gloucester and Bristol , the Prince and the Earl were proclaimed to be rebels. They at once entered on an active campaign, the Earl, in order to prevent Montfort's escape, destroying the ships at Bristol and the Bridge over the Severn. He shared the Prince's victory at Kenilworth on 16 July, and in the battle of Evesham, 4 August, in which Montfort was slain, commanded the second division and contributed largely to the victory. The castle of Abergavenny was committed to his charge o n 25 October and on the 29th the honour of Brecknock was added. On 24 June 1268 he took the C ross at Northampton, and at Michaelmas his disputes with Llewelyn were submitted to arbitrati on, but without a final settlement. At the end of the year 1268 he refused to obey the King' s summons to attend parliament, alleging that, owing to the constant inroads of Llewelyn, his Welsh estates needed his presence for their defense. At the death of Henry III, 16 November 1272, the Earl took the lead in swearing fealty to Edward I. who was then in Sicily on his return from the Crusade. The next day, with the Archbishop of York, he entered London and proclaimed peace to all, Christians and Jews, and for the first time, secured the acknowledgment of the right of the King's eldest son to succeed to the throne immediately. Thereafter he was joint Guardian of England, during the King's absence, and on his arrival in England, in August 1274, entertained him at Tonbridge Castle. On 3 July. 1290 the Earl gave a great banquet at Clerkenwell to celebrate his marriage with the Princess Joan in the previous May. Thereafter he and she are said to have taken the Cross and set out for the Holy Land, but in September he signed the Barons letter to the Pope, and on 2 November surrendered to the King his claim to the advowson of the bishopric of Llandaff. In the next year, 1291, his quarrels with the Earl of Hereford about Brecknock culminated in a private war between them. Both were imprisoned by the King, and the Earl of Gloucester, as the aggressor, was fined 10,000 marks , and the Earl of Hereford 1,000 marks. He died at Monmouth Castle on 7 December, 1295, and was buried at Tewkesbury, on the left side of his grandfather Gilbert. The Earl married, 69 first, in the spring of 1253, Alice, daughter of Hugh le Brun, Count of La Marche and Angoule me, and his wife, Yolande, daughter of Pierre Mauclerk. Earl Gilbert's second wife, whom he m arried in 1290, when he was about 47 years of age, was Joan of Acre, Countess of Gloucester a nd Hertford, born at Acre in Palestine probably early in 1272. She was the second daughter o f King Edward I, by his wife Eleanor of Castile, see Chapter 34. She was first betrothed to H erman, son of the King of Germany, who died in 1282. After Earl Gilbert's death, to her father's great displeasure, she married clandestinely, in the early part of May 1297, Ralph de Monthermer, a member of the late Earl's house hold. On 29 January, 1296/7 the escheator was ordered to take into his hand all the lands, goods and chattels of Joan, Countess of Gloucester, from which it might be inferred that the King suspecting her intentions with regard to Monthermer, sought to coerce her to abandon the marriage by degradation and loss of estates. On 16 March the King gave his assent to her marriage with Amadeus of Savoy, and therefore must have been ignorant of her marriage, if it had already taken place, and on 12 May it was ordered that Joan should have reasonable allowance for herself and children. It would seem that by 3 July the King had discovered Joan's marriage with Monthermer, for he took her lands into his own hand, but by 31 July, when he certainly knew of the marriage, he appears to have been partly mollified, for her lands were restored, except Tonbridge. She died 23 April, 1307, and was buried in the Austin Friars' church at Clare in Suffolk, aged 35. She and her first husband, 11 Gilbert de Clare had several children, among whom were 111 Alia nore, who was married first in 1337 to Hugh Despencer, son of Hugh Despencer and his wife Isa bel Beauchamp, and, second, to William, Lord Zouche de Mortimer; 112 Margaret, who was marrie d, first, to Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall, second, to Hugh Audley; 113 Elizabeth, who bec ame the wife, first, of John de Burgh, a descendant of the Surety William de Lanvallei, see C hapter 13: and, second, of Theobald de Verdon, a descendant of the Sureties Roger and Hugh Bigod, see Chapter 3; and, third, of Roger d Amory, by whom she had two daughters 113 2 Elizabeth Amory, wife of John. Lord Bardolph and 113 2 Alianore Amory, wife of John de Raleigh.
Spouses
1 Alice de Lusignan69,68, F
Death Date 1290
Father Hugh XI de Lusignan , M (~1221-1250)
Mother Yolande de Dreux , F (-1272)
Marr Date 1253
Div Date 1271
Children Isabella , F (1263-1333)
  Joan(Joanna) , F (~1268->1322)
2 Joan de Acre Plantagenet69,68,92, F
Birth Date Spring 1272
Birth Place Acre, Palestine
Death Date 23 Apr 1307 Age: 35
Death Place Clare, Suffolk, England
Father King of England Edward I Plantagenet , M (1239-1307)
Mother Eleanor of Castile-Leon , F (~1244-1290)
Misc. Notes
Joan was the dau of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile. Joan de Acre PLANTAGENET was born 1272 in Acre, Palestine. She died23 Apr 1307 in Clare, Suf folk, England and was buried26 Apr 1307 in Austin Friars' Church, Clare, Suffolk, England. Jo an marriedGilbert "the Red Earl" de CLARE on 30 Apr 1290 in Westminster Abbey, London, Englan d. King Edward II's sister Countess of Gloucester and Hertford. Her father had arranged for he r to be married to Amadeus of Savoy, but she had already secretly married to Ralph, a membe r of the King's household. The following bio on Joan is taken from BREWER'S BRITISH ROYALTYby David Williamson (c)199 6 Cassell Joan of Acre was the 8th child of Edward I and his first wife Eleanor of Castile, and was bor n at Acre in Palestine in the spring of 1272 when her parents were taking part in the Crusade s. She was married at Westminster Abbey on 30 April 1290 to Gilbert de Clare, 3rd Earl of Glo ucester and 7th Earl of Hereford, the divorced husband of Alice de Lusignan, a half-sister o f Henry III. Joan gave birth to a son and three daughters in quick succession before her husb and died at Monmouth Castle on 7 December 1295 and was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey. A little over a year later, in January 1297, Joan contracted a second marriage in secret to R alph de Monthermer, who had been her first husband's esquire. When news of this marriage wa s made known to her father, he was so infuriated that he threw the crown or coronet he was we aring on the fire and ordered Ralph to be imprisioned at Bristol, at the same time confiscati ng all the lands and castles that Joan had inherited from her first husband. However, the Bis hop of Durham acted as a mediator and the king accepted his new son-in-law by August 1297 whe n he was summoned to Parliament as Earl of Gloucester and Hereford in right of his wife. Joa n had two sons and two daughters by her second marriage and died at Clare in Suffolk on 23 Ap ril 1307, being buried in the Augustinian priory there.The earldoms of Gloucester and Herefor d passed to her son by her first husband, and Ralph de Monthermer was summond to Parliament a s Lord Monthermer. He married again and died on 5 April 1325, having had no issue by his seco nd wife.
Marr Date 1290
Children Gilbert , M (1291-1314)
  Eleanor , F (1292-1337)
  Margaret , F (~1292-1342)
  Elizabeth , F (1295-1360)
Last Modified 28 Sep 2005 Created 3 Jun 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh

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